Sporting Group is in general those dog breeds used for hunting birds and small game.
One of the oldest meanings for the word 'sport' in English is hunting as an entertainment for the elite class. To assist in the hunting of birds and small game, various sporting types of dogs were developed, which became the ancestors of today's pointer, retriever, setter, and spaniel purebred dog breeds. Because they were developed as bird dogs with energetic hunting abilities in water and field settings, most sporting dogs require regular exercise. Their naturally active and alert demeanor also makes them likeable and well-rounded companions.